Yekaterinburg is the capital of the Sverdlovsk region. It is the biggest region of Urals and occupies middle and northern parts of Ural mountains and part of West Siberian lowland.
The highest mountains all rise in the North Urals (Konzhakovsky Kamen at 1,569 m and Denezhkin Kamen at 1,492 m). About 70 % of region is covered by forest and there are 18604 rivers and more than 2500 lakes and as well a lot of artificial pounds which were constructed in XVIII century for factories as resources of energy.
The area enjoys continental climate patterns, with long cold winters (average temperatures reaching −15 °C (5 °F) to −25 °C (−13 °F) on the Western Siberian Plain) and short warm summers. Only in the southeast of the oblast do temperatures reach +13 °C (55 °F) in July.
Rich in natural resources, the oblast is especially famous for metals (iron, copper, gold, and platinum), minerals (asbestos, gemstones, talcum), marble and coal. It is mostly here that the bulk of Russian industry was concentrated in the 18th and 19th centuries. The region's industries are quite diverse. 12% of Russia's iron and steel industry is still concentrated in Sverdlovsk oblast. Iron and copper are mined and processed here, the logging industry and wood-processing are important, too.
Ekaterinburg Koltsovo International Airport is Russia’s largest regional airport. Over 30 Russian and foreign airlines connect Ekaterinburg with more than 80 cities of the world and, thanks to convenient transfers at international hubs, with practically any place in the world.
Historical and cultural heritage of Sverdlovsk region counts more than 1250 monuments that are connected with industrial heritage. As well there are 1495 archeological monuments and 45 architectural monuments.
The Seven Wonders of the Sverdlovsk region: